Welcome to changsha! I am your tour guide, my name is x, you can call me little x. In order to facilitate everyone to visit, let me first introduce the origin of the name, changsha people.
"Changsha" in the name of the first in the western zhou dynasty, 3000 years ago. Later dynasties, changsha of hunan city and southern town, after the founding of new China, as the capital of hunan province, changsha become one of the state council promulgated the first 24 historical and cultural city.
Changsha is a how of, opinions vary, different history records, basically has the following a few said:
One, named star in changsha
Shi-ji day GuanShu "cloud:" days have lodge, to have the state domain." Twenty BaSu Chiu lodge a star called "changsha", the ancients according to astrology eset's theory, the land of changsha to changsha star, think changsha place-names from star name, so the changsha "star sand," said.
Second, named Yu Wanli sand shrine
Wan Lisha shrine said today (Monday) in jin at the earliest Kan horse because of the "thirteen states:" han "has Wan Lisha shrine, and since hunan state, to a surname wanli, yue changsha." Since then, the tang dynasty Li Jifu "yuanhe county," citing "DongFangShuoJi" cloud: "the south county have Wan Lisha shrine, from hunan state to a surname wan li, yue, changsha." Tang tu yu tong Canon "tam states" qin ", changsha county, since the note also cloud: "have Wan Lisha temple, yue changsha." So after the generation of local Chronicles, more say as the source of changsha is named, and best.i exposition, think of god, the god of changsha in the ancient cult sand activities.
Three, gets its name from the "land of sand"
Changsha for geological structure by quartz sandstone and glutenite, siltstone and shale as the foundation, after years of external force, formation collapse rock and the weathering and water erosion, make a lot of sand and stone are accumulated in the surface, especially in downtown changsha xiangjiang river valley, with large areas of beach, sand, etc., when low water season, exposing the chau, beach, and to show people a piece of sand, especially grew up the sand, "white sands, such as frost and snow," the scene is very conspicuous, so many of ancient books called changsha township sand or sand land. Like changsha satrap of da tang Zhang Wei the "changsha folk dancing inscriptions" lead "dun armour" cloud: "sand land, YunYang market." Road history again yue: "sand, for changsha; YunYang, ling for tea." "Yuanhe county" cloud: "" yugong" domain of jingzhou, the spring and autumn for released, qian chu south of the border. The qin dynasty and the world, points in guizhou sands of township, changsha county, south of to tong xiang chuan."
Four, gets its name from the long bar
Surface states of changsha xiangjiang river, about 5000 meters long, 100 meters wide, is a relatively distinctive geographical landscape.
Five, takes its name from "the" language "cult goddess"
Before "nanping pretty more" chu, changsha residents "pretty the clan. In the language of the "long" is the meaning of "altar", "sand" is the meaning of "goddess", not "god" of sand. "Changsha" in quite the meaning is "local" sacrifice to the goddess. , zhuang and dong ethnic communities have the custom of worship of the goddess, in their idioms "adulthood village, changsha" first.
After the age of literati scholar's discussion, the first and second kind of claims being negative. While the third and fourth on the basis of basic same, is a prominent feature characteristics of changsha, relatively believable. Changsha placenames, should be the natural environmental characteristics of the ancient ancestors' according to changsha and gradual confirmation, finally established, posterity; Should be "began in the conceptions of the world", to the western zhou dynasty was confirmed. As for the fifth said, is not determined, but also as a ra.
Situated in the western outskirts of Haidian District，the Summer Palace is 15 kilometers (9.3 miles) from central Beijing. Having the largest royal park and being well preserved，it was designated，in 1960 by the State Council，as a Key Cultural Relics Protection Site of China. Containing examples of the ancient arts，it also has graceful landscapes and magnificent constructions. The Summer Palace is the archetypal Chinese garden，and is ranked amongst the most noted and classical gardens of the world. In 1998，it was listed as one of the World Heritage Sites by UNESCO.
Constructed in the Jin Dynasty (1115-1234)，during the succeeding reign of feudal emperors; it was extended continuously. By the time of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911)，it had become a luxurious royal garden providing royal families with rest and entertainment. Originally called "Qingyi Garden" (Garden of Clear Ripples)，it was know as one of the famous "three hills and five gardens" (Longevity Hill，Jade Spring Mountain，and Fragrant Hill; Garden of Clear Ripples，Garden of Everlasting Spring，Garden of Perfection and Brightness，Garden of Tranquility and Brightness，and Garden of Tranquility and Pleasure). Like most of the gardens of Beijing，it could not elude the rampages of the Anglo-French allied force and was destroyed by fire. In 1888，Empress Dowager Cixi embezzled navy funds to reconstruct it for her own benefit，changing its name to Summer Palace (Yiheyuan). She spent most of her later years there，dealing with state affairs and entertaining. In 1900，it suffered again，being ransacked by the Eight-Power Allied Force. After the success of the 1911 Revolution，it was opened to the public.
Composed mainly of Longevity Hill and Kunming Lake，The Summer Palace occupies an area of 294 hectares (726.5 acres)，three quarters of which is water. Guided by nature，artists designed the gardens exquisitely so that visitors would see marvelous views and be amazed by perfect examples of refined craftwork using the finest materials.
Centered on the Tower of Buddhist Incense (Foxiangge) the Summer Palace consists of over 3，000 structures including pavilions，towers，bridges，and corridors. The Summer Palace can be divided into four parts: the court area，front-hill area，front-lake area，and rear-hill and back-lake area.
Front-Hill Area: this area is the most magnificent area in the Summer Palace with the most constructions. Its layout is quite distinctive because of the central axis from the yard of Kunming Lake to the hilltop，on which important buildings are positioned including Gate of Dispelling Clouds，Hall of Dispelling Clouds，Hall of Moral Glory，Tower of Buddhist Incense，the Hall of the Sea of Wisdom，etc.
Rear-Hill and Back-Lake Area: although the constructions are fewer here，it has a unique landscape，with dense green trees，and winding paths. Visitors can feel a rare tranquility，and elegance. This area includes scenic spots such as Garden of Harmonious Interest and Suzhou Market Street.
Court Area: this is where Empress Dowager Cixi and Emperor Guangxu met officials，conducted state affairs and rested. Entering the East Palace Gate，visitors may see the main palace buildings: the Hall of Benevolence and Longevity served as the office of the Emperor，the Hall of Jade Ripples where Guangxu lived，the Hall of Joyful Longevity，Cixi‘s residence，the Hall of Virtue and Harmony where Cixi was entertained.
Front Lake Area: covering a larger part of the Summer Palace，opens up the vista of the lake. A breeze fluttering，waves gleam and willows kiss the ripples of the vast water. In this comfortable area there are the Eastern and Western Banks，the Seventeen-Arch Bridge，Nanhu Island，and so on. On the western bank float six distinct bridges amongst which the Jade-Belt Bridge is the most beautiful.
Penglai pavilion is located in penglai north face danya mountain, with the yellow crane tower, yueyang tower, one of the four famous towers tengwang pavilion said. Penglai pavilion ancient building group covers an area of 32800 square meters, composed by MiTuo temple, the dragon palace, the queen of heaven, penglai pavilion, cliffs, Lv Zudian six parts, covers an area of 1.89 square kilometers. Here is to watch "penglai ten scene" in the "XianGe volley", "fishing song liang fishing" the landscape of the two best view. The ancient building group of pavilions distribution appropriate, temple garden hand in photograph reflect, due to the potential set, coordinate the spectacular. Penglai pavilion below the fine structure, modelling strange xian, that is where the myth ensemble; On the east side, Lv Zudian, qing shines on floor and mission hills pavilion, etc.; West wing for shelter (commonly known as empress temple), the queen of heaven palace, pavilions, the summer and the dragon palace. These pavilions strewn at random have send, penglai pavilion and one integrated mass, generally referred to as the "penglai pavilion".
Penglai Sir, there is a penglai shuicheng. City built south along the danya precipice, as one of the extant ancient naval base in China, also known as Japanese city, originally the song dynasty border water village "diao fish village site. Ming hong wu nine years (AD 1376), building the wall according to the mountain, sea water, ship to anchor, practicing navy division.
located at the center of the mainland's coastline, shanghai has long been a major hub of communications, transportation, and international exchange. the municipality covers an area of 6,341 square kilometers and has a population of more than 13.5 million. shanghai is china's largest economic comprehensive industrial base, and a famous historical and cultural city.
the city consistently attracts investment and is seen as an ideal venue for business gatherings. it is also a must on any agenda during a tour of china. shanghai has fostered a comprehensive transportation network that incorporates land, sea, and air travel, as well as a convenient urban transportation system. more than 300 airlines serve the city, proving direct flights to more than 20 countries and regions. the addition of the shanghai pudong international airport, which went into operation in 1999, is expected to increase the annual passenger volume to some 20 million.
special tourist trains running between shanghai and the neighboring provinces of jiangsu and zhejiang, as well as tourist bus routes along newly-constructed expressways, offer great convenience for regional travel. shanghai has more than 400 travel agencies to assist visitors, and the 127 star-rated hotels offer a total of 40, 000 guest rooms.
visitors to shanghai are not only dazzled by the modern metropolis and gateway to a developing china, but are also able to immerse themselves in the unique shanghai culture, a combination of chinese and western elements. colorful festivals and celebrations dot the yearly shanghai activities calendar, such as the shanghai nanhui peach blossoms festival, shanghai international tea culture festival and shanghai china international art festival.
shanghai has also introduced special tour packages aimed at the different interests of visitors, such as bicycling tours, hiking tours, gourmet tours, rehabilitation and health care tours, study tours, japanese young women's tours, honey moon tours, and convention and exhibition tours.
the well-known bund is a must for visitors to shanghai. fifty-two buildings lining the narrow shoreline of the huangpu river offer a living exhibition of gothic, baroque, roman, classic revival and renaissance architectural styles, as well as combinations of chinese and western styles. they are also a condensation of the recent history of the city. the wide embankment offers ample room for strolling and is used by locals for morning exercises and evening gatherings. in the evening, colorful lights illuminate the area and create a shimmering image deserving of the name pearl of the orient.
the yu garden
the yu gardens are a classical landscape in the southern chinese style with a history of more than 400 years. pavilions, halls, rockeries and ponds display the finest in landscaping from the southern style as seen in the ming and qing dynasties. more than 40 landscapes were ingeniously separated by latticed walls, winding corridors, and lattice windows.
people's square has become the political and cultural center in shanghai since 1994, when it was rebuilt. in and around the square are a massive fountain named the light of huangpu river, 10,000 square meters of lawns, six groups of relief carvings that depict the history of shanghai, the new shanghai museum, the offices of the municipal government, an underground shopping plaza, the shanghai grand theater and the shanghai exhibition center
the orient pearl tv tower
the orient pearl tv tower is 468 meters high, the tallest in asia and third tallest in the world. it faces the bund across the huangpu river. when viewed from the bund, the tower and the nanpu and yangpu bridges create a vivid imagery known as "two dragons playing with a pearl." the sphere at the top has a diameter of 45 meters and is 263 meters above ground. the observation deck in the sphere offers a sweeping view of the city. the revolving restaurant is set at 267 meters above pudong new area. the dance ball, piano bar and 20 karaoke rooms, at 271 meters, are also opened to the public. the penthouse, which sits at 350 meters, has an observation deck, meeting room, and coffee shop. the tower integrates broadcasting technologies with sightseeing, catering, shopping, amusement, and accommodations. it has become the symbol of the city and a major tourist attraction in shanghai.
cruise on the huangpu river
cruising on the huangpu river, visitors can gaze at the mighty skyscrapers, the monument tower to the people's heroes, the famous waibaidu bridge and huangpu park on one bank, and the orient pearl tv tower, international convertion center, jin mao building and the newly rising pudong new area on the other. the yangpu and nanpu bridges span the river. from the river, visitors can also view the ruins of ancient cannon emplacements and fortifications at wusong and the magnificent view of the yangtze river as it empties into the sea.
nanjing road east, honored as "china's no. l street", has become an all-weather pedestrian arcade. shops and restaurants provide products and services with their own characteristics, making it an ideal place that integrates shopping, restaurants, amusement and sightseeing.
the museum and tomb are located in lu xun park. lu xun was an imminent man of letters. the museum exhibits lu xun's manuscripts, some of his personal effects, document., and photos. the headstone at the tomb of lu xun is in the calligraphy of vhio zedong and reads "the tomb of mr. lu xun."
dr. sun's residence
dr. sun yat-sen, the forerunner of the chinese democratic revolution, and his wilr soong ching ling, lived in this building from 1918 to 1924. it was in the residence that dr. sun yat-sen met representatives of the communist party and fostered the first cooperation between the chinese communist party and the kuomintang.
soong ching ling's residence
this is the former residence of soong ching ling. an honorary chairwoman of the people's republic of china and the widow of sun yat-sen. she lived, worked, and studied here during the last years of her life.
birthplace of the communist party of china.
in july of 1921, the first national communist party congress was held in this building. the congress passed the party's program and resolutions, elected the central committee, and declared the founding of the cpc.
the new shanghai library, which covers an area of some 80,000 square meters, has a collection of 13 million books and is considered one of the top ten libraries in the world. the library incorporates the open-stacks approach favored in the west, which allows for convenience in borrowing books.
shanghai grand theater
located in the northwestern corner of people's square. the shanghai grand theater covers 70,000 squat, meters. it is actually composed of three theaters. the theaters can accommodate performances of ballet opera, symphonies, chamber music modern dramas, and musicals. the theater also owns the largest, fully automatic stage in asia. the theater has become a symbol of modern culture in shanghai.
cultural celebrities' street, located along duolun road and surrounding areas,is a living memorial to the modern cultural celebrities of shang-hai and is also a condensation of modern culture. such chinese literary giants as lu xun, mao dun, guo moruo and ye shengtao lived and wrote here,making the road an important feature in china's modern cultural history. in addition, the famous gongfei cafe.
celebrities mansion, the shanghai art opera troupe, and hai shang jiu li also display the accumulated cultural atmosphere of duolun road today.
Yandang Mountain, locating in Yueqing Wenzhou City Zhejiang Province, is ofthe first group of national important scenic sites and it is considered as oneof ten famous mountains in China. The name "yandang" comes from the lake ofbeautiful view on the top of the mountain and where the spreading reed, and thewild geese come and live here in autumn. Yandang Mountain, famous for its peaks,screen-like peaks, caves and waterfalls, is a mountainous natural resort onseaside. With the good reputation of "the famous mountain in the sea", "theemperor of mountains" it was called as "The First Mountain in Southeast China".With abundant and rich culture, it was set afoot in South and North Dynasty, anddeveloped in Tang Dynasty.
Yandang Mountain was formed 120 million years ago. It is a typical ancientrhyolite volcano with area of 450 square meters in total, 550 scenic sites and 8scenic zones included. Lingfeng Peak, Lingyan Rock and Dalong Qiu Waterfall arecalled as "Three Famous Scenic Sites of Yandang Mountain".
Yandang Mountain has its special features, "it can stand scrutiny indaytime, and it can thrill with joy at night", "Different positions, differentsceneries" and "Tasting seafood while watching landscape". All of these are thethree features which are different from other famous mountains.