Guangzhou has a total area of 7434.4 square kilometers and a total population of 7.2519 million. As a famous cultural city with a long history, Guangzhou is also a famous tourist city. After the reform and opening up, Guangzhou has undergone earth shaking changes_ In, Guangzhou ranked third among the top ten cities in China in terms of comprehensive strength.
Guangzhou 20_ The annual gross domestic product (GDP) reached 346.663 billion yuan, a ratio of 20_ The annual growth rate is 15%, reaching an 8-year high; The per capita GDP is 47900 yuan; Guangzhou's general budget revenue was 27.475 billion yuan, up 15.5% year on year; Fixed asset investment was 115.777 billion yuan, up 14.7% year on year.
The rapid economic growth is brought about by the rapid development of various industries. With the smooth progress of a number of key productivity projects, new economic growth points are gradually taking shape, and industrial competitiveness and development potential are significantly enhanced. The healthy development of urban agriculture has further enhanced the role of consumption as a driving force, and the export of foreign trade and the utilization of foreign capital have continued to grow. Various reforms focused on institutional innovation were further deepened. We will focus on the reform of state-owned enterprises, and a number of enterprises with strong competitiveness will continue to grow. Guangzhou Development Zone and Nansha Development Zone have experimented with the administrative "fee free zone", which has reduced the urban operation cost. The non-public economy developed healthily. The total industrial output value of private industrial enterprises above the designated size in the city was 115.764 billion yuan, an increase of 18%, and the number of private enterprises reached 78604, an increase of 18%. The momentum of foreign trade and economic cooperation is strong. The total import and export value of Guangzhou reached 34.94 billion US dollars, up 25.1% year on year; Among them, the export was 16.89 billion US dollars, up 22.6%. The total import and export value of Guangzhou municipal enterprises was US $28.568 billion, a year-on-year increase of 27.87%, of which the export value was US $14.033 billion, a year-on-year increase of 27.40%. A total of 870 foreign direct investment projects were approved in the city, with a year-on-year growth of 12.1%. The newly approved contractual foreign investment was 4.022 billion US dollars, with a year-on-year growth of 27.04%; The actual use of foreign investment was 3.064 billion US dollars, up 15.5% year on year, of which the actual use of foreign direct investment was 2.581 billion US dollars, up 13.0% year on year. The amount of overseas investment contracts reached US $107 million, a year-on-year increase of 37%, the completed turnover was US $109 million, a year-on-year increase of 19.79%, and the number of overseas labor service personnel was 4080, a year-on-year increase of 20.78%. At present, 115 of the world's top 500 multinationals have entered Guangzhou and invested in 204 projects with a total investment of 5.82 billion US dollars.
At the same time, urban infrastructure construction has been comprehensively accelerated. The construction of major urban infrastructure such as subways, airports, expressways and sewage treatment has been accelerated. The Sanyuanli Pazhou section of Metro Line 2 has been put into operation. The Guangzhou University City special line of Metro Line 3 and Metro Line 4 has been accelerated. Construction of three test sections of Guangzhou Foshan Line has begun. Guangzhou New Baiyun International Airport Relocation Phase I Project has entered the final stage. A number of high-grade roads and urban trunk roads such as the south section of the north extension of the new airport expressway have been built.
The quality of urban ecological environment and management level have improved significantly. The "green mountains and green lands" and "blue sky and clear water" projects were launched. The city's forest coverage rate reached 41.4%, and 45 kilometers of urban road green belts were added and reconstructed. In the whole year, 86% of the days that the air environment quality remained at the national level of excellence reached, and the noise pollution continued to decline for nine years. The construction of the four major sewage treatment systems has been comprehensively promoted, and all domestic wastes in the city have been put into harmless sanitary landfills. Vigorously promote the "safe and secure" project, earnestly strengthen urban management, further improve market order and social security, and constantly improve the urban and rural environment.
New steps have been taken in revitalizing the city through science and education and strengthening the city through culture. Accelerate the construction of regional innovation system, and further enhance the scientific and technological innovation ability and international competitiveness of central cities. 20_ In, the output value of industrial high-tech products reached 1094.31, an increase of 37.6%, accounting for 23.3% of the city's total industrial output value. The total social research and development (R&D) expenditure reached 5.5 billion yuan, accounting for 1.6% of Guangzhou's GDP. The contribution rate of scientific and technological progress to industrial economic growth reached 51.6%, an increase of 2%. The number of patent applications and authorizations increased by 30.5% and 37.8% respectively, and the number of invention patent applications increased by 52.3%, ranking first among provincial capital cities in China. Huanghuagang Information Park was officially approved by the Ministry of Information Industry as the first national "information service demonstration park". The scientific and technological research project of "SARS" took the lead in isolating coronavirus from the secretions of "SARS" patients. The education reform with quality education as the core has been deepened, and good results have been achieved in the construction of demonstrative ordinary high schools and the transformation of "land poor schools" in the old urban areas. It has achieved a breakthrough of zero national key disciplines in municipal universities. The construction of Guangzhou University Town has been promoted at full speed, and it is planned to_ In September 2009, we officially enrolled students. Literary and artistic creation and mass cultural and artistic activities are flourishing, and more than 300 literary and artistic works have won awards at or above the provincial level. New progress has been made in the protection of cultural relics and famous historical and cultural cities, and the city's cultural taste has been further improved.
The quality of people's lives has been constantly improved. We will fully implement all policies and guidelines to promote employment and reemployment. We will continue to do a good job in connecting the five security lines, and the number of people participating in various social insurances and the number of retirees under social management will keep growing. The production and living conditions of farmers were improved, and the administrative villages in the city were connected with water, electricity, telephone, cement roads and cable TV. We will continue to deepen the reform of taxes and fees in rural areas, reducing the burden on farmers by more than 80 percent. The average wage of employees in the city was 28237 yuan, up 10.4%. The per capita disposable income of urban residents was 15002.59 yuan, up 12.1%. The per capita net income of rural residents was 6130 yuan, up 5.1%, and the per capita disposable income was 5953 yuan, up 4.6%. The balance of savings deposits of urban and rural residents was 3727.33, up 19.0%.
New progress has been made in building cultural and ethical standards and in various social undertakings. Rise, study and implement the Party's_ Great Spirit, "_" Important ideas and_ Inspecting the new climax of the important speech spirit in Guangdong. New achievements were made in competitive sports and mass sports activities, and the bid was 20_ The Asian Games in has been approved by the State Council. The second China ASEAN Entrepreneur Exchange Seminar and the Sino French Cultural Year Guangzhou Cultural Week were successfully held, and new progress was made in sister city exchanges and cooperation. At present, it has successively cooperated with 14 cities including Fukuoka, Los Angeles, Manila, Vancouver, Australia, Bali, Lyon, Germany, Frankfurt, Auckland, South Korea, Linxueping, Sweden, Durban, Bristol, Russia, Urumqi, Shenyang, Nanning, Harbin The five capital cities of Nanchang have concluded sister city relations. It promoted the unity between the military and the government and between the military and the people, and won the honorary title of "National Model City for Double Support" for the fifth time in a row.
In Wuyang City, there is an ancient temple with black bricks and grey tiles. It is reported that the temple was built in the third year of Datong in Liang Dynasty (537 AD). There is a pagoda in the temple called Six Banyan Pagoda. When the Six Banyan Temple was built, it was called Baozhuangyan Temple, and the Six Banyan Pagoda was called Sarira. By 1097 AD, Lin Xiu, a native of Nanhai, had rebuilt the temple and renamed it Jinghui Temple, and the stupa was renamed Thousand Buddha Pagoda. Su Dongpo, a local literary giant, was demoted to Hainan. When the Six Banyan Monastery was completed, Su Dongpo was allowed to go north by way of amnesty. He passed through Guangzhou to pacify Cheng Huaili. He looked up to Su Dongpo and held a banquet in Jinghui Temple to wash the dust for Dongpo. After drinking, he went to the pagoda for sightseeing. Facing the rolling Pearl River water, Dongpo was filled with emotion. He also saw six big banyan trees beside the pagoda, which were luxuriant and full of vitality. He was very happy when he thought of returning home and being able again. When the abbot of the temple saw that he was very interested, he asked him to write a plaque for the temple. He wrote down the words "Six Banyan Trees" on the east slope. Although the words are few, the artistic level is very high. The abbot was overjoyed and hung at the mountain gate. Since then, the presiders of all dynasties have highly praised this plaque. In the ninth year of Yongle, Emperor Chengzu of the Ming Dynasty (1141), the temple was finally renamed as "Six Banyan Temple", and the Thousand Buddha Pagoda was renamed as "Six Banyan Flower Pagoda", hence the name of Six Banyan Temple.
As soon as I entered the temple, I looked up and saw the Six Banyan Pagoda towering high. The tower is 57 meters high, octagonal, with nine external layers and seventeen internal layers. To the east of the tower are the mountain gate, Maitreya Hall, Heavenly King Hall and Weituo Hall. The stele gallery is built on the south side, where more than ten square meters of ancient steles are preserved to record the historical evolution of the temple and tower, and there are portraits of Su Dongpo and ancient stone carvings of the word "six banyan".
On March 11, 1999, the Guangzhou Daily first published the title "Cracks in the Six Banyan Pagoda", which attracted the attention of the society and the high attention of the relevant departments.
Once the repair plan is finalized, the next step is to immediately organize the mobilization of repair materials. The maintenance principle of cultural relics is: repair the old as before.
In terms of material selection, strict selection has been made. First of all, in terms of wood selection, we used the first-class wood of Indonesian pineapple, which consumed a total of 160 cubic meters of logs. The wood construction has gone through four processes, the first process is termite control; The second is to use permanent condensate with good anti-corrosion, waterproof and mothproof properties; The third is wood primer treatment, using oily phenol liquid, which has good sealing performance; The fourth is the treatment of the top coat. It uses alkyd gum, which is durable and has good mold resistance. In the reinforcement and maintenance of the tower body, if steel plates are used for reinforcement, the drilling will inevitably destroy the shape of the tower body. Therefore, high strength carbon fiber is selected for material selection, which is ten times stronger than steel, while carbon fiber has the characteristics of light performance, thin performance and easy construction. Zheng Rongzhu, the deputy secretary-general of the Municipal Buddhist Association, who was one of the material selection workers, finally found a company in Hong Kong to represent the same kind of carbon fiber, and the price was half that of a company in Guangzhou. As for carbon fiber, it saved more than 5 million yuan for the maintenance of the Six Banyan Pagoda.
The Pearl River is a big river flowing through the urban area of Guangzhou. It has broad and narrow meanings. In a broad sense, the Pearl River is the general name of the three rivers: Xijiang River, Beijiang River and Dongjiang River. The upstream of the Xijiang River is Nanpan River, with its source at Mayoulin Mountain, Yixian County, Yunnan Province. After flowing through Guangxi, the main stream flows into the South China Sea from Moshimen, Guangdong (Doumen, Zhuhai), with a total length of 2129 kilometers; Beijiang Xiyuan Wushui River flows out of Linwu County, Hunan Province, and Dongyuan Zhenshui River flows out of Xinfeng County, Jiangxi Province, with a length of 582 kilometers; The Dongjiang River originates from Xunwu River and the Jiuqu River in the west. Both of them are located between Anyuan County and Xunwu County in Jiangxi Province, with a length of 503 kilometers. The West, North and East Rivers respectively flow into the Pearl River near Guangzhou, with a total drainage area of 425700 square kilometers (not leading the part in Vietnam). The huge alluvial plain at the mouth of the Pearl River is called the Pearl River Delta. The delta area is densely covered with river branches. The main inlets are Humen, Hongqili, Modaomen, Yamen, etc. The narrow sense of the Pearl River only refers to the river course from Shimen (Liuxi River) in the north of Guangzhou urban area to Huangpu Port in the east, through Shimen (Liuxi River) in the north of the urban area to Huangpu Port in the east, and the total length is about 70 kilometers. Historically, there was a reef shaped like a giant pearl on the south river of Guangzhou, which was called Haizhu Stone, hence the name of the Pearl River.
With more and more remarkable achievements made by the Guangzhou Municipal Government in the "Three Year, One Middle School Change", the Pearl River water has become clear and beautiful. Now the 23 km long viewing corridor on both sides of the Pearl River is more beautiful. On both sides of the levee are planted banyan trees, kapok books and shade resistant ground cover plants with distinctive Lingnan characteristics. Granite railings complement the natural quarried stone surface on the ground, realizing the perfect combination of tradition and modernity, nature and artificial.
Pearl River Night Cruise
There is a legend in the name of "Pearl River": it is said that there is a reef with an area of 90 zhang in the river near the Aiqun Building and the Provincial Federation of Trade Unions in Ancient Yangcheng. It is a pearl of Moli Pearl, which is called Haizhu Stone. This river is now the Pearl River.
The Pearl River includes Dongjiang River, Xijiang River, Beijiang River and their tributaries, and flows through Yunnan, Guizhou, Guangxi, Jiangxi, Hunan and Guangdong provinces. The Ganliuxi River originates from Maxiong Mountain, Qujing City, Yunnan Province, with a total length of 2214km. Its length and drainage area rank the third among rivers in China, and its annual flow ranks the second in China.
The West Wharf where you just boarded can take a boat to Lianhua Mountain, Jinsha Resort, Huangpu Military Academy, Nansha Tianhou Palace, Hengdang Island, Banyue Island, etc., and the passenger ship tourism branch is not located here.
Now there is the famous Nanfang Building in Hebei, which is one of the largest department stores in Guangzhou at present. Its predecessor is Daxin Company. It enjoys high social popularity and is an ideal place for citizens to consume.
On the north bank of the river are the viaducts of Renmin Road and No. 623 Road, with a total length of more than 7600 meters. It is the first urban elevated road system in China, which can open 2500 vehicles an hour, becoming a fast trunk road connecting the west, south and north of Guangzhou.
The Sun Yat sen Memorial Hospital in Hebei Province, formerly known as Boji Hospital, was founded by American missionary Bojia in 1835. It is the first western hospital established in China and the Far East, and the first hospital established by a foreign church on the mainland. Dr. Sun Yat sen studied medicine here and engaged in revolutionary activities. The modern Chinese women's medical education also began here.
To the southeast of the hospital gate is Aiqun Building, also known as Aiqun Hotel, which was invested and built by Hong Kong Aiqun Life Insurance Company. The hotel consists of old buildings, new buildings and revolving restaurants. The old building was built in 1937, with 15 floors and 64 meters high, and was the highest building in Guangzhou at that time. The hotel hosted the opening and closing ceremonies of the 1st to 10th China Export Commodities Fair.
To the north of the provincial dock, there was the Provincial Federation of Trade Unions Building ". It was built in the 1930s. It was initially called Guangzhou Yong'antang Building, and it is the Tiger Brand Wanjinyou General Wholesale Office. The building is 24 meters high, with 6 floors. The clock tower in the center is equipped with a clock that can see the time from all sides. The building is simple and modern. It is now the Guangzhou Juvenile Book Center.
A rainbow in front of the ship crosses the Pearl River. The newly-built Jiefang Bridge, with a clear navigation height of 8.7 meters, connects Nanhua Road in the south and Jiefang Road in the north, becoming a major transportation hub on both sides of the Pearl River.
The three storey building on the north bank of Hebei was originally Wuxianmen Power Plant, which was originally the earliest commercial power plant in South China and was founded by Qichang Foreign Firm in 1901. At that time, the engine power was 546 kilowatts.
The iron bridge in front is Haizhu Bridge, the first bridge across the Pearl River in Guangzhou, built in 1933. The bridge was bombed when the Kuomintang troops retreated. Later, the People's Government repaired and widened the bridge deck. Haizhu Bridge, with its unique architecture, embellished the Pearl River and was a major part of Zhuhai Dexin, one of the eight sights of Yangcheng.
Huaxia Hotel on the east side of the square is a four-star hotel for Sino foreign cooperation. The hotel is 39 floors high and has a unique design. Each guest room can overlook the Pearl River scenery.
The passenger terminal on the Hebei coast is called Tianzi Wharf, which is the longest used ferry terminal in Guangzhou at present. Tianzi Wharf, with the meaning of "the first wharf in Guangzhou", is a special wharf for welcoming and seeing off officials passing by in the Qing Dynasty.
The Jiangwan Hotel on the north bank has a unique architectural style. Every night when the curtain falls, the hotel is illuminated by dreamy lights, like a giant arrow pointing straight into the sky, giving people a mysterious feeling of upward momentum, making people daydream, and embellishing the bright night scene of Guangzhou.
In front of it is Jiangwan Bridge, which is connected to Textile Road in the south and Donghaochong Viaduct in the north. The navigation height of the bridge is 8.7 meters.
After the Jiangwan Bridge, Dashatou Passenger Terminal is on the north bank, which is the main passenger terminal from Guangzhou waterway to the four townships. The shining place on the north bank of the river is Saigon Fish Harbor, which is a good place for Guangzhou to taste seafood.
The Haiyin Bridge is seen ahead. It is named because the north end of the bridge is located in the seal stone of Sanshi, Yangcheng. The bridge is a double tower single cable plane cable-stayed bridge, with a total length of 125 meters and a tower height of 57.4 meters. It is star shaped with 186 steel cables, and the tower top is like two sheep's horns. ". A two masted ship of Haiyin Bridge set sail for an expedition at the beginning of the sun. On a summer night, it played melodious music like two huge harps accompanied by flowing water. It is the fourth distinctive highway bridge on the Pearl River.
After crossing Haiyin Bridge, Ershatou, also known as Ersha Island, is on the north. Before liberation, it was a French lease. Now, it is a sports training base in Ershatou, which has trained countless outstanding athletes to win glory for the country. Now Ersha Island has engaged in real estate development and has built many garden style small western-style houses with beautiful scenery. It is called Haizhu Square Garden.
In front is Guangzhou Bridge, which connects the north and south sections of Guangzhou Avenue. The bridge is 988.4 meters long, 24 meters wide, and 8.7 meters high. The span of the main bridge takes the lead among similar bridges in China.
On the other side of Ershatou, where the south bank of the Pearl River is covered with green trees, is the famous university Zhongshan. Its predecessor was Guangdong founded by Sun Yat sen in 1924. Later, it was renamed to commemorate Sun Yat sen.
The first is the Sailing Club, which is the water sports training base under the charge of the municipal political commissar. Many of the world champions of sailing model come from here.
The residential area behind the Shichongkou Passenger Ship Wharf on the south bank of the river is the dormitory for water residents, which is a residential group built by the municipal people's government for water residents to settle on land.
The cruise ship sails back to continue sightseeing on the magnificent scenery on both sides of the Pearl River. After the Xidi Wharf, the bell tower in the north is called the Guangdong Customs Building, which is one of the representative works of modern western neoclassical architecture in Guangzhou, commonly known as the Big Bell Tower. The building was designed and completed by British architects in 1916. The Bell Tower is 31.85 meters high. The main building materials for the four floors are imported from Britain.
On June 23, 1925, more than 100000 people from all walks of life in Guangdong held a demonstration in solidarity with the Shanghai Five Year Plan During the "Thirty Three" Patriotic Movement, foreign invaders opened fire and strafed the area, causing 25 deaths and countless injuries. In 1950, a monument was erected here to commemorate the martyrs. On June 23 every year, people who come here to offer flowers for mourning come in an endless stream.
The People's Bridge in front was completed and opened to traffic in May 1967. It is the second highway bridge across the Pearl River in Guangzhou. The bridge is about 701 meters long and 19 meters wide. It is the main artery of traffic in our city.
To the south of the river is the Swan Club, a high-grade cultural and recreational center in Guangzhou. At the beginning, the membership fee was up to 100000 yuan, but now it is closed.
After passing the Renmin Bridge, the trees on the north bank of the river are swaying with sand. The sand was originally a sandbar hit by the Pearl River, with an area of 0.3 square kilometers, also known as Shicuizhou. It was a city defense center during the Opium War, and became a British French concession after the Opium War. The ancient trees on the island make it a perfect place for people to rest and visit, with an elegant environment, a consulate, a bank, a church, a tennis court, a park, etc. The western classical buildings with the style of Wanyuan in Shamian have been designated as the national key cultural relics protection unit by the State Council, and are known as the ninth view of Yangcheng.
The wide river we are entering is called White Goose Pond, where the water is deep and the tide is smooth. There is another story about the name of White Goose Pond. It is said that in the Ming Dynasty, Huang Xiaoyang, the leader of the peasant uprising, led the warships of the uprising army to attack Guangzhou, and fought with the army of the Ming Dynasty here. He was guided by white geese. Later, when he was accidentally shot into the water, he was rescued by white geese, who carried him out of the encirclement and traveled far away. The White Goose Pond got its name from this. The White Goose Pond, with its rippling blue waves in the daytime and the bright moon shining in the river at night, forms the night moon of the Goose Pond among the eight sights of Yangcheng.
The magnificent building standing on the north bank of the sand and overlooking the White Goose Pond is the White Swan Hotel. It gets its name because it faces the White Goose Pond. It is a famous five-star joint venture hotel. The building is 34 stories high and 102.7 meters high. The overall idea is like a swan spreading its wings. The White Swan Hotel is the first five-star hotel invested and built by Mr. Huo Yingdong, Vice Chairman of the CPPCC National Committee. The hotel has more than 70 meters long and 7 meters high hanging curtains near the river, which combines the traditional garden landscape in the name of "hometown water" in the atrium with the river scenery, and is known as the floating palace on the water.
The Yellow Sand Wharf is in front of the White Swan. The wharf adopts transparent curtain wall ship type design, which symbolizes the spirit of solidarity and enterprising between passenger ships and people.
On the east bank of the ship lies the "Star Lake" and the "Tianhu" passenger ship at the Xuantouzui Wharf, which was built in the 1930s. It was used as a military wharf when the Japanese invaded China. In 1977, it was rebuilt as a cruise terminal, which is a large passenger transport hub in Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Macao and the mainland coast.
This is the end of the journey. Have a nice trip.
Yuntai Garden is located at the entrance of the beautiful Baiyun Mountain in Guangzhou, in the Santai Mountain Scenic Area to the south of the Baiyun Mountain Scenic Area. It faces Guangyuan Road in the south and Baiyun Cableway in the east. It was completed and opened in September 1995. It gets its name from the Yuntai Ridge, which is backed by Baiyun Mountain, and the garden is full of famous and precious flowers and plants at home and abroad all the year round. It is one of the new scenic spots of Baiyun Mountain Scenic Area, and also a large garden style garden in China, which is mainly made of various ornamental flowers and trees. It enjoys the reputation of "Pearl of Flower City".
Yuntai Garden is the largest garden style garden in China with a high style, which mainly focuses on appreciating the precious flowers and trees in the four seasons. It is located in Santai Ridge of Baiyun Mountain, covering an area of 120000 square meters. It is based on the world famous garden - Buchet Garden in Canada. It was designed by Guangzhou Landscape Architecture Design Institute. The Guangzhou Municipal Government invested more than 50 million yuan to build it in 1993. It is the largest garden of Chinese and Western style in China. It gathers the essence of eastern and western garden buildings, gathers the four seasonal flowers at home and abroad in one garden, and integrates international friendship in one garden, becoming one of the tourist windows in Guangzhou.
The structure of Yuntai Garden is quite artistic, integrating the eastern and western architectural art, ancient and modern culture, and showing a unique garden style. There are more than 10 new and elegant scenic spots with different characteristics in the park, including Friendship Garden, Glass Greenhouse, Zuihua Garden, Rock Garden, Sun Square, Waterfall Flowing Colours, Rose Garden, Outdoor Ballroom, etc. The European customs blend with the oriental garden landscaping.
The overall layout of the garden is centered on the wide steps facing the gate. The steps are divided into three parts, with symmetrical marble steps on the left and right sides and special glass paving in the middle. Colorful lamps are installed under the glass. At the top of the glass steps is a small lake, named Yan Lake. At the bottom of the lake, there are annular lights. At night, the colorful water in Yanhu Lake is slowly flowing down the glass steps and replaced by lights into a colorful river.
The water of Yanhu Lake flows down along the central axis, making it the source of the central axis. In order to highlight this source, garden designers and builders built a Roman colonnade on the bank of Yanhu Lake, which not only highlights the role of the attractions on the axis in the Yuntai Garden, but also corresponds to the garden gate with East West characteristics. More interestingly, the builders borrowed the effect of the flower wall in Suzhou gardens and placed a group of totem stone columns behind the Roman colonnade. On both sides of the axis line, different functional areas are arranged in the Yuntai Grand Garden, and more than 200 kinds of rare Chinese and foreign seasonal flowers are skillfully planted in different functional areas. While planting all kinds of flowers on the east side, a large area of lawn is also cultivated according to the ups and downs of the terrain, which looks like a green waterfall from a distance. The west side is the Yiyuan Garden and the teahouse. The center of Yiyuan Garden is a huge earth stone carving. With the earth stone carving as the center, the city flower that has become a sister city with Guangzhou and the national flower of the country where the sister city is located are distributed in a huge circle.
A few days ago, we saw many red sandstone stones or stone carvings when we visited many ancient buildings in Guangzhou, such as the Tomb of the Nanyue King and the Chen Family Ancestral Temple. Today, I'm going to take you to visit the origin of these stones - Lianhua Mountain Ancient Quarry.
The Chinese National Society for quarrying was far earlier than the emergence of the four great inventions. In those years, the construction of city walls, palaces and royal tombs required a large number of stones, and each region also had its own quarry. You will be amazed by the huge and spectacular stones you see, but I believe that not many people know how the ancestors collected these stones. So today I will take you to open your eyes.
At present, there are four scenic spots in Lianhua Mountain: Stone Scenic Area, Lotus Ancient Cave Scenic Area, Camping and Amusement Area and Cultural Relics and Historic Sites Area. "Lotus Holy Land" is one of the top ten scenic spots in Guangzhou and one of the eight scenic spots in Panyu. Among them, the Stone Scenic Area is the main content we want to see: one has 20__ An ancient quarry with a mining history of years. For thousands of years, the ancient working people used one hammer and one drill rod to mine one rock mountain after another. After natural weathering, countless cliffs and cliffs, strange rocks and caves were created, such as Lotus Rock, Swallow Rock, Flying Eagle Rock, Eight Immortals Rock, Guanyin Rock, Lotus Stone, Nantianmen, Immortal Bridge, Immortal Ta, Cloud Ladder, Bottomless Cave, Lotus Waterfall, etc. It is really a "man-made wonder" with various forms and grandeur. It can not be described as "breathtaking". It is the "artificial Danxia" miracle with the most tourism and scientific research value in China. There are also modern quarries that imitate ancient quarries, so that visitors can understand the ancient quarrying technology.
According to the research of geologists, the stone of Lianhua Mountain is red glutenite, which can be used as a knife sharpening stone. The foundation of Zhenhai Building, the "first floor of Lingnan" in Guangzhou, and the huge stone slabs of the tomb of the Nanyue King of the Western Han Dynasty are all red sandstone, which can be basically confirmed to be mined from Lianhua Mountain. There are also several ancient quarries in Guangdong Province, most famous of which are Dongguan and Nanhai. The quarry in Dongguan is near the stele, where the stone is red sandstone, the rock mass is universal, and there is gravel in the middle. As the artisans divided their work and mining areas, they left stone house like relics, so there is an ancient name, "Shibafang". Another important quarry is the Swallow Rock on the Xiqiao Mountain in the South China Sea, named after many swallows who lived there after the quarrying.
Lotus Mountain is composed of 45 red sandstone low mountains, including a Qilin Peak. On the top of the peak is a huge round rock, which looks like a lotus flower in bud, so it is named Lotus Mountain. There is also an ancient lotus pagoda on the Lotus Mountain, built in the Ming Dynasty, which is the best preserved brick and wood tower in Guangdong Province. It was built by Li Weifeng and others in Panyu at that time. It should be a feng shui tower, because Cantonese believe that many rivers and river mouths must have a water tower to prevent water damage, but it has always played a role as a navigation beacon.
The tower is an octagonal pavilion style brick tower with red walls and green tiles. It is nearly 60 meters high. It looks like 9 floors outside, but 11 floors inside. It is very strange. The eaves of each tower are made of green glazed tiles and tiles. Wind chimes are hung at the corners of the eaves, which make crisp sounds when the wind passes. The passage inside is very narrow, and only one person can pass through. When two people meet, one of them should retreat to the middle hall of the floor to avoid. Climbing to the top of the tower, you can see far away, overlooking the hundreds of barges competing for the current in the long Pearl River and the pastoral scenery in the distance. As this tower is located at the estuary of the Pearl River, it is the coordinate for ships to determine the direction and guide the course, so it has the reputation of "provincial capital Huabiao". Together with Pazhou Pagoda and Chigang Pagoda in the suburbs of Guangzhou, it is called "the three masts of the Pearl River".
Under the Lotus Tower, there is the Lotus City, known as the "Great Wall of Guangdong". It was built in the third year of Kangxi (1664 AD), covering an area of about 10,000 square meters. The city was built on the top of the mountain, overlooking the Pearl River waterway, and is an important military stronghold. During the Opium War, Lin Zexu led his troops to garrison in the city as the second line of defense against the British army (the first line is in Humen). The city wall is still well preserved. At the foot of the mountain, there is a cave with a width of more than 10000 square meters. It is Lin Zexu's former general's residence. It has been restored as old as before. Barracks and other sites can be seen.
Entering the Stone Scenic Area, you will soon feel breathtaking. Turning right is the path leading to Yanziyan. The paths are built on the cliffs, and there is a deep green pool under the cliffs. These are the relics left by the stone masons when they mined away the stones. Later, the rain accumulated, and it really felt like "walking on thin ice like walking into an abyss". The two shivers made the heart cold. The famous giant stone standing in Yanziyan is about 40 meters high, and there is a double-layer pavilion on it, with an ambulatory connecting the mountain path. The pavilion is surrounded by cliffs, 30 to 40 meters high, like a knife cutting. It is like intelligence in a secluded pool. It is really marvelous. In front of it are two waterfalls, murmuring down.
At the foot of Yanziyan, there is a small stone bridge winding between the cliff and Qingtan. As you meander along the stone path, you can see the lotus stone on your left hand. You can see the famous "Hundred Blessings" when passing through the lush forests, bamboo groves and stone bridges. There are a hundred Fu characters carved here, but the difficulty is that these hundred Fu characters belong to a variety of fonts, including seal character, official script, regular script, cursive script, regular script, etc. None of them are repeated. Unfortunately, the handwriting is now a little off, and the color is mottled, but you can still imagine the difficulties when carving. Along the way, you will also pass stone stairs, stone corridors, stone bridges, Bailian Pond, Yuxian Pond, Guanyin Rock, Lion Rock and other scenic spots. Many stone walls have inscriptions of all dynasties, each with its own characteristics and various forms, which is amazing.
In 1994, a hilltop was flattened in the historic area, and a 36.88 meter high Wanghai Guanyin, made of 260 tons of bronze, was erected, opening up the "Holy Land of Guanyin". The entire statue of Guanyin is covered with 180 pairs of gold foil, which is bright and dazzling. With the lotus flower on the stone seat 4 meters high below, it has a total height of 40.88 meters, stands on the top of the Lotus Mountain, facing the vast Shiziyang Ocean, and adds a navigation mark to all ships sailing in the Pearl River. At night, under the strong light around, it looks like Guanyin is showing up, which adds a lighthouse to the ships sailing at night. The Lianhua Mountain Guanyin statue is the world's largest gold foil bronze statue. The large antique building Guanyin Pavilion, with 1000 large and small Guanyin Pavillions, is the largest Guanyin Pavilion in the world at present. Benevolent men and women from Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao all came from a long distance to pay their respects. There was an endless stream of people and incense sticks. The Lotus Mountain Tourist Area also holds a grand Lotus Festival from June to August every year, displaying hundreds of varieties and thousands of bowls of lotus, which is one of the traditional festivals in Guangzhou.