A few days ago, we saw many red sandstone stones or stone carvings when we visited many ancient buildings in Guangzhou, such as the Tomb of the Nanyue King and the Chen Family Ancestral Temple. Today, I'm going to take you to visit the origin of these stones - Lianhua Mountain Ancient Quarry.
The Chinese National Society for quarrying was far earlier than the emergence of the four great inventions. In those years, the construction of city walls, palaces and royal tombs required a large number of stones, and each region also had its own quarry. You will be amazed by the huge and spectacular stones you see, but I believe that not many people know how the ancestors collected these stones. So today I will take you to open your eyes.
At present, there are four scenic spots in Lianhua Mountain: Stone Scenic Area, Lotus Ancient Cave Scenic Area, Camping and Amusement Area and Cultural Relics and Historic Sites Area. "Lotus Holy Land" is one of the top ten scenic spots in Guangzhou and one of the eight scenic spots in Panyu. Among them, the Stone Scenic Area is the main content we want to see: one has 20__ An ancient quarry with a mining history of years. For thousands of years, the ancient working people used one hammer and one drill rod to mine one rock mountain after another. After natural weathering, countless cliffs and cliffs, strange rocks and caves were created, such as Lotus Rock, Swallow Rock, Flying Eagle Rock, Eight Immortals Rock, Guanyin Rock, Lotus Stone, Nantianmen, Immortal Bridge, Immortal Ta, Cloud Ladder, Bottomless Cave, Lotus Waterfall, etc. It is really a "man-made wonder" with various forms and grandeur. It can not be described as "breathtaking". It is the "artificial Danxia" miracle with the most tourism and scientific research value in China. There are also modern quarries that imitate ancient quarries, so that visitors can understand the ancient quarrying technology.
According to the research of geologists, the stone of Lianhua Mountain is red glutenite, which can be used as a knife sharpening stone. The foundation of Zhenhai Building, the "first floor of Lingnan" in Guangzhou, and the huge stone slabs of the tomb of the Nanyue King of the Western Han Dynasty are all red sandstone, which can be basically confirmed to be mined from Lianhua Mountain. There are also several ancient quarries in Guangdong Province, most famous of which are Dongguan and Nanhai. The quarry in Dongguan is near the stele, where the stone is red sandstone, the rock mass is universal, and there is gravel in the middle. As the artisans divided their work and mining areas, they left stone house like relics, so there is an ancient name, "Shibafang". Another important quarry is the Swallow Rock on the Xiqiao Mountain in the South China Sea, named after many swallows who lived there after the quarrying.
Lotus Mountain is composed of 45 red sandstone low mountains, including a Qilin Peak. On the top of the peak is a huge round rock, which looks like a lotus flower in bud, so it is named Lotus Mountain. There is also an ancient lotus pagoda on the Lotus Mountain, built in the Ming Dynasty, which is the best preserved brick and wood tower in Guangdong Province. It was built by Li Weifeng and others in Panyu at that time. It should be a feng shui tower, because Cantonese believe that many rivers and river mouths must have a water tower to prevent water damage, but it has always played a role as a navigation beacon.
The tower is an octagonal pavilion style brick tower with red walls and green tiles. It is nearly 60 meters high. It looks like 9 floors outside, but 11 floors inside. It is very strange. The eaves of each tower are made of green glazed tiles and tiles. Wind chimes are hung at the corners of the eaves, which make crisp sounds when the wind passes. The passage inside is very narrow, and only one person can pass through. When two people meet, one of them should retreat to the middle hall of the floor to avoid. Climbing to the top of the tower, you can see far away, overlooking the hundreds of barges competing for the current in the long Pearl River and the pastoral scenery in the distance. As this tower is located at the estuary of the Pearl River, it is the coordinate for ships to determine the direction and guide the course, so it has the reputation of "provincial capital Huabiao". Together with Pazhou Pagoda and Chigang Pagoda in the suburbs of Guangzhou, it is called "the three masts of the Pearl River".
Under the Lotus Tower, there is the Lotus City, known as the "Great Wall of Guangdong". It was built in the third year of Kangxi (1664 AD), covering an area of about 10,000 square meters. The city was built on the top of the mountain, overlooking the Pearl River waterway, and is an important military stronghold. During the Opium War, Lin Zexu led his troops to garrison in the city as the second line of defense against the British army (the first line is in Humen). The city wall is still well preserved. At the foot of the mountain, there is a cave with a width of more than 10000 square meters. It is Lin Zexu's former general's residence. It has been restored as old as before. Barracks and other sites can be seen.
Entering the Stone Scenic Area, you will soon feel breathtaking. Turning right is the path leading to Yanziyan. The paths are built on the cliffs, and there is a deep green pool under the cliffs. These are the relics left by the stone masons when they mined away the stones. Later, the rain accumulated, and it really felt like "walking on thin ice like walking into an abyss". The two shivers made the heart cold. The famous giant stone standing in Yanziyan is about 40 meters high, and there is a double-layer pavilion on it, with an ambulatory connecting the mountain path. The pavilion is surrounded by cliffs, 30 to 40 meters high, like a knife cutting. It is like intelligence in a secluded pool. It is really marvelous. In front of it are two waterfalls, murmuring down.
At the foot of Yanziyan, there is a small stone bridge winding between the cliff and Qingtan. As you meander along the stone path, you can see the lotus stone on your left hand. You can see the famous "Hundred Blessings" when passing through the lush forests, bamboo groves and stone bridges. There are a hundred Fu characters carved here, but the difficulty is that these hundred Fu characters belong to a variety of fonts, including seal character, official script, regular script, cursive script, regular script, etc. None of them are repeated. Unfortunately, the handwriting is now a little off, and the color is mottled, but you can still imagine the difficulties when carving. Along the way, you will also pass stone stairs, stone corridors, stone bridges, Bailian Pond, Yuxian Pond, Guanyin Rock, Lion Rock and other scenic spots. Many stone walls have inscriptions of all dynasties, each with its own characteristics and various forms, which is amazing.
In 1994, a hilltop was flattened in the historic area, and a 36.88 meter high Wanghai Guanyin, made of 260 tons of bronze, was erected, opening up the "Holy Land of Guanyin". The entire statue of Guanyin is covered with 180 pairs of gold foil, which is bright and dazzling. With the lotus flower on the stone seat 4 meters high below, it has a total height of 40.88 meters, stands on the top of the Lotus Mountain, facing the vast Shiziyang Ocean, and adds a navigation mark to all ships sailing in the Pearl River. At night, under the strong light around, it looks like Guanyin is showing up, which adds a lighthouse to the ships sailing at night. The Lianhua Mountain Guanyin statue is the world's largest gold foil bronze statue. The large antique building Guanyin Pavilion, with 1000 large and small Guanyin Pavillions, is the largest Guanyin Pavilion in the world at present. Benevolent men and women from Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao all came from a long distance to pay their respects. There was an endless stream of people and incense sticks. The Lotus Mountain Tourist Area also holds a grand Lotus Festival from June to August every year, displaying hundreds of varieties and thousands of bowls of lotus, which is one of the traditional festivals in Guangzhou.
Xijing Ancient Road Scenic Area is located in Daqiao Town, Ruyuan County It is 70 kilometers away from Shaoguan downtown, and was built in the 25th year of A.D. in Guiyang Prefecture (now governing Shaoguan, Qingyuan, Chenzhou and other places). It is the first land road to connect the Pearl River and the Yangtze River basin, from the current Yingde City, Baguang Town, through Ruyuan Ancient Mother Water, Luoyang and other places, to the Xiangjiang River. Emperor Shun, the founder of the Pearl River culture, Huineng, the philosopher saint, Zhang Jiuling, the poet saint, and other ancient sages and sages have trekked through the hills and mountains of this ancient road, leaving a sonorous foot sound. The Pearl River culture has been born and moved to the world since then.
From Emperor Shun's southern patrol, Emperor Qin Shihuang's 500000 troops stationed in the Five Ridges, Zhao Tuo led the troops to town Lingnan, to the two Fubo generals (Lu Bode and Ma Yuan) of the Han Dynasty who pacified the south, Zhao Zilong and Yue Fei led troops out of the South Ridges, how many heroes and heroes walked out of the ancient Xijing Road; From Yu Fan, Ge Hong, Huineng, Zhang Jiuling, Han Yu, Liu Yuxi, Wen Yan, to Wang Anshi, Mi Fu, Yang Wanli, Zhou Dunyi, Dan Gui, there are many philosophers and saints on the ancient road of Xijing; Here, "the concubine in the world of mortals laughed", and offered longan lychees to Zhao Feiyan, Wang Zhaojun, Diao Chan, Yang Yuhuan, etc; Here, the ancient road culture was once cultivated by wind and rain, and it grew and multiplied brilliantly; Here is the original "outside the long pavilion, beside the ancient road, the wild grass is blue to the sky", the ancient road charm of the distant fragrance invading the ancient road, and the clear green connecting the barren pavilion; It can "poke clouds to find the ancient road, and lean on rocks to listen to the flowing spring"; You can learn from Cao Zhi's "Forgetting the ancient road when you want to return home, but looking at it with sorrow". In the "The wind from the pine blows the ancient road" and "The wild flowers bloom on the ancient road in autumn", you can see that "fewer people walk along the ancient road, and the autumn wind moves the grain", until the ancient road in Xijing is soundless and dusty, "The empty forest is treated by snow, and no one returns the ancient road alone".
"The ancient road had no worries of Du Yu". The Xijing ancient road was a "highway" two thousand years ago, a link between Lingnan culture and Central Plains culture, and played a vital role in Chinese history. Xijing refers to Chang'an, the political, economic and cultural center of the Eastern Han Dynasty and the Sui and Tang Dynasties, and now Xi'an. Xijing Ancient Road is also the official road to Kyoto in ancient times.
"There is no trace on the ancient road, and the wind blows along the ancient road"; After the Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty pacified Nanyue, he ordered 100 lychees to be moved from Guangdong and a magnificent Fuli Palace to be built outside Chang'an; Because of the acclimatization, there is no growth; Emperor Wu was furious and killed dozens of guards; So Lingnan pays tribute to longan and lychee every year. Due to the difficulty of Guangdong Road, it was changed to Fujian and Hainan Road to pay tribute; However, the sea lanes are also difficult, with high winds and high waves at sea, and ship capsizing accidents often occur. In the first year of Jianwu in the Eastern Han Dynasty (25 A.D.), in order to meet the needs of political, economic and cultural development, the imperial court built the Xijing Ancient Road, "spreading pavilions and posting posts", paved more than one meter wide marbles along the way, with a total length of more than 160 kilometers. The end point is Linwu County, Hunan Province, of which Ruyuan County is more than 90 kilometers. The ancient road is a cultural relics protection unit in Guangdong Province.
Now, the "colorful ancient roads" are wide. Modern people may not imagine the hardships of the ancient roads in the Qin and Han Dynasties. In the Nanling Mountains two thousand years ago, primitive forests covered the sky and the sun, rhinoceros and wild elephants came and went. Along the way, "mountains and peaks are stacked like ladders". The ancient roads have different terrain, "different days for ten miles", and different climates; While climbing over mountains and mountains, the "roof of Guangdong" is paved with more than one meter wide jute along the way. It is conceivable that the project is huge and dangerous. Later, the post horses that paid tribute to the court for fresh fruits such as lychees continued to travel north from this ancient road day and night, and the government decrees were also issued along this ancient road; Due to the long, bumpy and dangerous journey, there are often evil insects and beasts. Many people and horses get sick from fatigue or die from pests and beasts. Li Bai once wrote "Farewell to Baling" because of this feeling: "The ancient road continues to Xijing, and the sunset clouds rise at the Purple Tower; just at the heartbroken place this evening, the oriole cannot bear to hear.". In the 15th year of Yongyuan in the Eastern Han Dynasty (A.D. 103), the county magistrate of Linwu risked his life to make a speech, asking the court to exempt Lingnan longan, lychee and other fresh fruits from paying tribute, and admonishing that "these two things may not prolong life if they are promoted to the palace". After being approved by the court, the Xijing ancient road, as a business road for north-south exchanges, became more prominent. Therefore, in the Tang, Ming and Qing Dynasties, there were records of re repair. Up to now, in Ruyuan County, the original road remains relatively complete, including ancient stone pavilion, ancient stone block road, ancient stone arch bridge, ancient tablet carving, ancient folk house, ancient academy and ancient polder; "Here is the Changting Ancient Road", which communicated the culture of the Silk Road between the North and the South in ancient times, and became the main road for people flow, logistics and information transmission. Because Shaoguan is located at the junction of north and south, the ancient road culture is particularly rich. The three ancient roads in Shaoguan (Xijing, Wujing, Meiling) all connect the Yangtze River and the Pearl River water systems, bringing silk, ceramics, tea, etc. from other provinces to Guangdong, and selling them overseas through the Maritime Silk Road; At the same time, the imported goods are also sold to the mainland through this place, which enables the collection and exchange of Chinese and foreign cultures (religion, philosophy, science, literature and art, etc.), and has important historical role and cultural heritage value.
Although the ancient Xijing Road has been replaced by the Beijing Zhuhai Expressway, and the scene of "people are rare, birds and animals are scared, and the land is far away, vegetation is magnificent" described by Liu Yuxi has disappeared, but this ancient road, which was stepped by hundreds of thousands of troops of the First Emperor of Qin with their footplates and in the thorns and weeds, and this route, which was fixed by the Eastern Han Dynasty Tai Shou digging a mountain road, carries the wind and rain for thousands of years, and facilitates generations of people. It is an official road, a post road, and even a business road. The biggest team on the ancient road is the porter who carries salt. "Guangdong salt spreads all over Hunan, and hundreds of thousands of people benefit from carrying traffickers on their shoulders. "If you return, you will benefit twice as much. It is not a poor and strong man who can do it.". Hundreds of thousands of salt bearers walked hard on the bluestone slabs, making it a unique scene of the ancient road before the opening of the Guangdong Han (now Beijing Guangzhou) Railway; Its hard work is beyond our experience. On the pavilion of the ancient road, there is also a special couplet for the porter's blessing: "It's better to rest on the shoulder when carrying a burden. Why don't you stop walking? Let's think about our comings and goings, and don't waste your time.".
"Where is the return journey? Long pavilions connect short pavilions". Let's look for the history of each bluestone slab polished with time, the vivid stories told by each ancient pavilion, and the treasures forgotten and discarded for thousands of years on the vast and secluded ancient road. Monkey Ridge is the ancient road we mainly visit. The local people call it Monkey Mountain; That is to say, the terrain of this section of road is like a monkey's forehead, abrupt and precipitous. The Monkey Ridge Ancient Road is 2.5 kilometers long. It is completely made of stones and strips of stone. It is more than one meter wide. There are wild grass on both sides. It hovers in the mountains like a snake. Walking up the stairs is like walking on a country road. Some of the stone slabs have obvious tread intaglio marks, which are worn deeply. They are horseshoe prints. Xijing Ancient Road is located in Tiyun Ridge, and is also well preserved for 2.5 kilometers. Marshal Zhu De's ancestors and thousands of Shaoguan Hakka people moved to Sichuan through the Xijing Ancient Road; Therefore, the ancient road is especially rich in Hakka folk songs; The pavilion across the ancient road has become a good place to sing folk songs. The walls of the pavilion are made of large stones, so that pedestrians can "take shelter from the sudden wind and rain, and enjoy the cool under the hot sweat". The pavilion also provides water and tea for passers-by along the ancient road, and the stele of "tea making" still exists in Xinhan Pavilion. "Yinqing Ancient Road leans on the setting sun". Today, the well preserved pavilions include the "Xiaomei Pass" Pavilion under the Laling, the Tiyun Mountain Pavilion, the Xiangdui Pavilion of the Bridge, the Watching Pavilion of Wuquailing, the Xinhan Pavilion of the Monkey Ridge, the Leshan Pavilion of Lanni'ao, the Yangzhi Pavilion of Hongyun, the Shoude Pavilion of Sanyuanxu, and the Shelter Pavilion of Hongyun Hetao Mountain. The well preserved ancient bridges are: Dafu Bridge and Tongji Bridge. The ancient road culture is also witnessed by: Shixi Academy, Buchan Academy, Guanlan Academy, etc., which witnessed the harmonious culture of "the wind eaves display books, the ancient road reflects the color", and "the harmony between the zither and the ancient road".
There are also "Lan Guan Ting" and Korean legend on Xijing Ancient Road: Lan Guan Ting is located three kilometers north of Hongyun Village, Daqiao Bridge, in the middle of a mountain col named "Tianding Shell". The pavilion runs from south to north. The inner space is 7.8m deep and the face is 4.3m wide. The four walls are built with dry stones, bucket shaped beams, and grey tiles. The gable is a wind and fire wall. The arch gate is built in the wind and fire wall, and the gate is carved with "Blue Pass Pavilion" stone. Han Yu went to Xijing Ancient Road three times at the age of 10, 35 and 51. The first time was with brother Han Hui to Shaoren. The second time, he was demoted to the county magistrate of Yangshan because he wrote "On the Hunger of People in Drought". The third time was to admonish and welcome the Buddha's bones, and to go to "On the Buddha's Bones Table", which was demoted as a governor of Chaozhou; On the 14th day of the first month, Han Yu, with a family of more than 100 people, demoted to Chang'an; When we arrived at the Blue Pass Pavilion, it was cold season. We lost our way in heavy snow and hesitated to ride the horse. His 12-year-old daughter died of illness. So, we wrote a bleak poem "Moving Left to the Blue Pass to Show My Nephew Sun Xiang": "A letter was written in the morning, which reads" Nine Heavens in the Sky, and eight thousand roads to the Chaoyang in the evening. If we want to eliminate evil things for the holy people, we will be willing to cherish our old age. Where is the Qinling Mountain home? The snow holds the horses in the Blue Pass. I know that you should deliberately come from afar to spread our bones over the river. ". The "Korean Cemetery" several hundred meters south of the Lan Guan Pavilion should be the tomb of Han Yu's daughter. The Korean Temple, Xin Han Pavilion and Yang Zhi Pavilion near Lan Guan Pavilion are all products of commemorating Han Yu. Many poets wrote many poems that revere Han Yu: For example, Zhao Linji's Lan Guan wrote: "In the past, when we braved the snow on a cold night, we still cross Doushan Mountain today. It should be the sage who opened up the fierce, so all the sages turned into fools. With a whip of the past, we can find a trace for thousands of years. The clothes and quilts flow in a deep wind, and we will not hesitate to write about the Lan Guan". Yu Zhengsheng of the Qing Dynasty wrote in his poem, "Walking through the Blue Pass, you can admire the old man's rhyme." It said: "The ancient and modern times are more secluded than the green mountains. I still remember that Changli passed this pass. The land is famous for its people, and the pine trees are still on the moon. It is not easy to look up to the old man for thousands of years. It is not easy to leave a title one day. There is no trace of green grass and fragrant smoke, and the fairy wind has not allowed the common feelings to climb.".
After visiting Xijing Ancient Road Scenic Area and appreciating the ancient road culture, I can also visit the nearby Tongtianluo Underground Forest and South Taxus Forest Park.
hello everyone! Welcome to Baiyun Mountain, Guangzhou. Baiyun Mountain is located in Baiyun District, Guangzhou City. It has been a famous scenic spot since ancient times. In history, "Baiyun Evening View" and "Ju Lake Cloud Shadow" among the eight sights of Yangcheng are all in Baiyun Mountain.
At the foot of Baiyun Mountain, the first thing you can see is the fragrant Yuntai Garden, which has many exotic flowers and plants. The most amazing thing is that there is a huge flower clock in the center of the garden. This flower clock is composed of 12 kinds of flowers that bloom at different times. At every moment, one kind of flower will bloom, telling you what time it is.
Along the boulevard, you come to the Baiyun mountainside, and you can see the Nengren Temple, Huangpodong Reservoir and other scenic spots scattered among the lakes and mountains. There is also a beautiful legend about Huangpodong Reservoir. Huang Daopo, a female weaver in the Yuan Dynasty, was poor when she was a child, so she went to Hainan to learn textile technology. In a twinkling of an eye, decades have passed, and Huang Daopo has changed from a young girl to a white haired old woman. She misses her hometown very much and is on the way back to her hometown. On the way through Baiyun Mountain in Guangzhou, I saw people living in poverty and backwardness, so I stayed to teach them textile technology. Later, in memory of Huang Daopo, people called the place where Huang Daopo lived as Huangpo Cave.
Up the winding mountain road, we came to the beautiful Baiyun Peak. Famous scenic spots here include Mingchun Valley, Moxing Ridge, Jiulong Spring, etc. Mingchun Valley, located in the middle of the mountain top, is the largest natural bird cage in China. It is located in the Dripping Rock Valley between the First South Peak and Jiulong Spring in Baiyun Mountain Scenic Area, covering an area of about 50000 square meters. It is divided into three parts: natural large bird cage scenic area, songbird hanging corridor area and rare bird area. There are many birds here, not only in large numbers, but also in rich varieties. Their voice is clear and clear, and the euphemistic singing echoes in the valley, which makes people relaxed and happy, and even the tiredness and trouble all over the body disappear. At the entrance of Mingchun Valley, you can also see the interesting "bird training performance", including bird riding, flag raising, treasure hunting, etc. Moxing Ridge is the highest peak of Baiyun Mountain, 382 meters above sea level. Climbing high and looking into the distance, you can see the panorama of Guangzhou.
Baiyun Mountain, a famous mountain in South Guangdong, has been known as "the first beautiful city of sheep" since ancient times. It gathers more than 30 peaks, which are quite wide, with a total area of 20.98 square kilometers. When the rain is falling and the clouds are curling around the green mountains, half of the walls are plain, so it is called Baiyun Mountain.
After visiting the beautiful scenery of Baiyun Mountain, our trip ended. You are welcome to give us more valuable suggestions on our work. In the future, we will provide you with more high-quality services to help you travel. thank you!
Good morning, everyone. I'm the tour guide of the Cosmos Travel Company. My family name is Zhang __, and everyone calls me Zhang Dao.
Today, I will take you to visit the Guangzhou Tower. She is a new scenic spot in Guangzhou. If she comes to Guangzhou instead of going to the Guangzhou Tower, she will come to Guangzhou for free. Ha, ha, ha... Let's go!
The most convenient way to visit Guangzhou Tower is to take the subway. I will take you to Line 3 to Chigang Tower Station and get out from Exit B. Please look up. This is the Guangzhou Tower we are going to visit today. It is towering, magnificent and beautiful. There was a beautiful name named Xiaomanyao before. Please take a closer look at it.
I have bought tickets for you, and now I will give them to you, one for each person... Please follow me through the security check, and be careful not to bring water or food... We have already taken the sightseeing elevator. You will rise as fast as you can in the clouds, and it will not take 2 minutes. Now the elevator has stopped steadily at the 84th floor, 433.2 meters high sightseeing floor. You can walk around and have a look. There is an invincible 360 degree view outside the window. You can have a panoramic view of the whole Yangcheng.
Please look north. This is the new central axis of Guangzhou. If you look down, this is the Pearl River, the third longest river in China. It is like a ribbon. The green river flows slowly from the bottom of the tower. Bold tourists can stand on the "glass lattice" stretched out in the sky. You will feel as if you are suspended in the sky, all up, down, left and right are empty. Looking at the ground road under the glass floor, the traffic flow is as small as ants, and the Pearl River is winding at the bottom of your feet, which may make you dizzy... If you come here at night, the night scene of Guangzhou is more beautiful, making you forget to leave.
Today, I am very happy to visit Guangzhou Tower with you. Please take your time to watch it. I wish you all a happy time!
In the eyes of many people in Guangzhou, Shamian is probably the most interesting place in Guangzhou. They come here mainly to see buildings. The buildings here show the European style of the British French concession in the 19th century. The environment is extremely beautiful, which is very suitable for walking in it, or for young artists to take photos.
Because there are landscapes everywhere, you can see the newlyweds taking wedding photos here from time to time and feel the happiness. If you are interested, you can wait until the lights are on and find a cafe to reflect on the past and look at the Swan Pond.
The streets and alleys in Shamian are full of western street elements, such as statues, pavilions, flower beds, wooden chairs and water fountains. There are more than 150 European style buildings on the island, including 42 new baroque style buildings, Gothic style buildings, coupon gallery style buildings, neoclassical style buildings and Chinese and Western style buildings, which are the most exotic European architectural complex in Guangzhou.
Well known buildings include:
The buildings at No. 2-6, Shamian Street, commonly known as the Red Mansion, were originally the customs foreigners' and Chinese members' club. They were three stories high and built with red bricks. The south and north sides were built with pointed attics, imitating the 19th century British romantic architectural style.
The building at No. 54 Shamian Street was originally built by HSBC in the style of western classical renaissance architecture. It is four stories high. The outer wall of the second floor is built with columns to the top of the third floor. A pavilion with a dome roof is built on the southwest roof.
The building at No. 48, Shamian Street, is the most representative coupon gallery type building. It is three storeys high and of reinforced concrete structure. The corridors around it are in the form of arch, and the external walls are painted with washed stone meters.
The Lute Catholic Church of Notre Dame at 14 Shamian Street is small in scale and simple in structure, but its entrance is still in the style of imitation Gothic.